Physical Topology Diagram
- Visual Topology
- Command Line
- Task 1: Configuring a multi-area OSPF network.
|network address wildcard mask area id||Specifies which interfaces are OSPF capable and links them to an OSPF area|
|router ospf process id||Enters the OSPF router configuration mode|
|show ip ospf interfaces brief||Displays OSPF interface information|
|show ip ospf neighbor||Displays the contents of the adjacency table|
|show ip protocols||Display information about active running protocols.|
|show ip route||Displays the contents of the IPv4 routing table. (best paths)|
|show ip route ospf||Filters the output display to only show OSPF entries in the routing table.|
Task 1: Configuring a Multi-area OSPF Network
Step 1: Access the CLI on your router
Step 2: Check that your IPv4 addresses are still in place and create interface loopback0 and assign the IP address from the table below.
R#sh ip int brief C:\>ipconfig
Rectify any IPv4 address problems
|R1||fa0/0 or gi0/0||10.1.1.1||255.255.255.0|
|R1||fa0/1 or gi 0/1||172.16.1.17||255.255.255.240|
|R2||fa0/0 or gi0/0||10.2.2.1||255.255.255.0|
|R2||fa0/1 or gi0/1||172.16.1.18||255.255.255.240|
Step 3: Enter the OSPF router configuration mode and assign a process id of 1
Do process IDs need to match for routers to form an adjacency?
Step 4: Use the
Network command with an explicit wildcard mask to enable the ethernet and the loopback interfaces. Use the table below for their area assignment
|R1||fa0/0 or gi0/0||1|
|R1||fa0/1 or gi0/1||0|
|R2||fa0/0 or gi0/0||2|
|R2||fa0/1 or gi0/1||0|
Step 5: Enter the
sh ip protocol command and write down the router ID
Why did the router select this value.
Is there another way of controlling the router ID and if so, how?
Step 6: Run the
sh ip ospf nei command (these are example outputs)
Note that both the router ID and the actual IP address of the neighbours interface are displayed using this command. The top picture displays a neighbour with a router ID of 18.104.22.168 and a connecting interface of 172.16.1.18.
Why do we see a DR and BDR in the pictures above but below we see a DR and DRother?
sh ip protcol command we can find out information about the OSPF configuration.
Run this command on your router and analyze the result.
This display clearly identifies the Router ID, which networks (interfaces) are allocated to which areas, and a maximum equal cost load balancing of up to 4 paths.
Why is it an Area Border Router (ABR) ?
Step 7: View the contents of the IPv4 routing table and would you expect to see any OSPF entries?
You should observe OSPF generated O and O IA entries in your routing table.
Explain the difference between the two?
Step 7: Save your running-config.